How and why to tone the body in a scientific way: a question of health, not just to firm up

Not a day goes by that an article with ” tips to tone the arms ” or ” exercises to firm the buttocks ” does not appear on some magazines .

In the world of blogs, you can’t even count the articles like ” the 5 tips for a leaner body in 15 days “.

Within these articles there may also be some valid suggestions, but often they are of poor quality and the advice is ineffective.

But why is it so hard to firm up the muscles of the legs and buttocks (in the case of women) or abdominals (in the case of men)?

To answer this question it would be useful to know: what is it that makes the muscles lose tone, making them flaccid?

Knowing the mechanism by which muscles “get worse” will certainly be easier to improve, right?

Important: looking after the muscles may seem like an aesthetic ambition, reserved for a certain category of people. It is not .

Muscle tissue has entered powerfully in scientific research , revealing a fundamental indicator of health: in practice, we have seen that the more muscle the person has, the less likely they are to develop diseases of any kind, from back pain (which is already knew) to diabetes.

Consequently, the imperative is: tone up your muscles even if you don’t have to show them anywhere.

What causes loss of muscle tone
Why do we lose muscle tone?

In reality, the “tone” proper is a very specific property of muscles that is not lost (it is the state of activity at rest, without which we will not stand up): the sensation of flaccid muscles is derived instead from loss muscle mass , resulting in less circulation and often increased local fat . The muscles then become flaccid because mass is lost , not tone.

And muscle mass is fundamentally reduced for mechanical , metabolic or nervous system related reasons .

mechanical reasons : the simplest is the lack of adequate stresses (sedentary lifestyle), but also joint problems and inflammations can reduce the amount of muscle.

metabolic reasons : dehydration , high sodium diet (rich in junk food), too hypo / hyper caloric diet. These factors have a high impact on muscle mass loss.

Another reason related to metabolism can be not quality sleep (going to bed late, getting up late, sleeping little ..).